Crime được đánh giá là chủ đề khá hóc búa trong bài thi IELTS. Bài viết này sẽ cung cấp cho các bạn 15 từ vựng cực chất về chủ đề này kèm các ví dụ trong IELTS Speaking Part 1. Hy vọng bài viết sẽ giúp các bạn phần nào trong quá trình ôn luyện IELTS.
- Legislation – Pháp luật
Ex: There needs to be changes to crime-related legislation.
- Deter – Ngăn cản
Ex: Tougher prison sentences may be a deterrent to other would-be offenders.
- Offender – Người phạm tội
Ex: Prison should not be used for first-time offenders.
- Punish – Trừng phạt
Ex: Those responsible for serious crimes must be punished.
- Prevention – Phòng tránh, phòng ngừa
Ex: The government should focus on the prevention of crime rather than introducing harsher prison sentences.
- Commit – Phạm (tội…)
Ex: People who commit serious crimes should be given lengthy (long) prison sentences.
- Criminal – Tội phạm
Ex: Criminals who commit violent crimes should not be given probation.
- Probation – Thời gian thử thách, chế độ án treo
Ex: Probation is a good way to reduce prison overcrowding, but it must only be used for those who have committed minor crimes.
- Rehabilitate – Phục hồi, đưa về cuộc sống bình thường
Ex: It is important to rehabilitate criminals while they are in prison otherwise they may re-offend (commit a crime again) when they are released from prison.
- Guilty – Có tội
Ex: If jurors (the members of a jury) find a defendant guilty, then that person must be punished.
- Jury – Ban bồi thẩm
Ex: To ensure fairness in a criminal trial, there must be a jury.
- Convict – Kết án
Ex: He has been convicted of arson (cố ý gây đám cháy) two times now.
- Fine – Đóng phạt (v), Tiền phạt (n)
Ex: Motorists should be given a fine if they are caught speeding.
- Imprisonment – Sự tống giam
Ex: Murderers are usually given life imprisonment.
- Community Service – Phục vụ cộng đồng
Ex: Community service is a good alternative to prison for minor offences.
- Justice – Công lý
Ex: Those who commit assaults must be imprisoned because the victims want justice.
- Victim – Nạn nhân
Ex: The victims of crime often need help and support to recover from their bad experience.
2. Áp dụng trả lời IELTS Speaking Part 1
Should police in your country be stricter or less strict?
In my opinion, it is not about being more strict or less but more about being smart. That is very important. They need to realize ways to stop crime rather than bringing out difficult punishments for the criminals, because we don’t want more of criminals dying but less of individuals becoming criminals.
Is your country a safe country?
Too an extent yes it is. When we look at the world picture, comparatively it is safe. But, on an individual level, I think it is not a very safe country, especially for women. There have been lot of improvement in the state to ensure that the women of the country are safe, but in my opinion, there is so much more that needs to be done.
Have you ever seen a crime?
I have never seen crime happening in front of my eyes, but yes, there have been videos and newspapers that I have gone through. And if eve teasing is considered a crime, yes I would say I have witnessed it.