“Work” cũng nằm trong số 10 chủ đề phổ biến nhất trong kỳ thi IELTS. Trong bài viết này IELTS Trang Nguyễn sẽ đưa ra các từ vựng band 7.0 chủ đề “Work” cũng như áp dụng trả lời câu hỏi Speaking Part 1, các bạn có thể ghi chú và áp dụng vào các bài có cùng đề tài nhé.
1.Từ vựng về work
- Employee – Người làm công
Ex: The company has several hundred employees.
- Employer – Người sử dụng lao động
Ex: Employers monitor their employees very carefully these days.
- Employment – Việc làm
Ex: Due to the recession, there are thousands of people looking for employment.
- Unemployment – Thất nghiệp
Ex: Levels of unemployment in the economy have been rapidly increasing.
- Commute – Di chuyển (từ nhà đến chỗ làm và ngược lại)
Ex: It is taking longer for people to commute to work because of traffic problems.
- Occupation – Nghề nghiệp (= job)
Ex: What is your occupation?
- Career – Sự nghiệp
Ex: He is retired now but he had an amazing career (= successful working life).
- Profession – Tính chuyên nghiệp
Ex: The teaching profession is not as good as it used to be because salaries have decreased.
- Salary / Wage – Mức lương, tiền lương
Ex: Public sector salaries are not keeping up with inflation.
He receives a good wage because he works for a prestigious company.
- Public Sector – Khu vực công
Ex: You get a good pension if you work for the public sector, but the salary is not always so good.
- Private Sector – Khu vực tư nhân
Ex: Most graduates hope to work in the private sector when they finish university as there are more opportunities and the pay is better than the public sector.
- Retire – Nghỉ hưu
Ex: The retirement age in most countries is 65.
He had to retire early due to ill health
- Flexitime – Thời gian làm việc linh hoạt
Ex: They have introduced flexitime at my work place so I usually start at 10am now and finish at 6pm.
- Resign / Quit – Từ chức, bỏ việc
Ex: He resigned from his job yesterday.
Don’t quit your job unless you have another one to start.
- Fire / Sack / Dismiss – Đuổi việc
Ex: He was fired / sacked / dismissed because he was late for work every day.
- Vacancy – Vị trí công việc còn trống
Ex: I spoke to the company and they said they had several vacancies.
- Overtime – Ngoài giờ
Ex: The employees often work overtime but they are not given extra money so it is not fair
- Shift – Làm theo ca
Ex: She is a nurse so she has to work in shifts. One week she does the morning shift, and then the next week she will do the night shift.
2.Áp dụng trả lời Speaking Part 1 chủ đề work
- Why did you choose that job?
I was previously a lawyer and found it to be really stressful and never had any free time, so after quitting that job I thought teaching might be the complete opposite of being a lawyer, you know not as stressful and more time off.
- Do you enjoy your job?
Most of the time. It’s very rewarding to be able to help people every day and the students here are very hardworking and fun to teach, but you sometimes have lessons that do go so well and the money could always be better.
- What responsibilities do you have at work?
All of the teachers main responsibility is to plan good lessons and then teach them to the best of our ability. On top of that we have several admin. tasks to carry out like mark homework, fill out attendance sheets and write reports.